Rapid personal gene sequencing is the ability to read and store the info from the genome of a single person at an affordable cost.
Carbon nanotubes are hollow cylindrical cables of carbon molecules with properties that are useful for nanotechnology, electronics, optics and other fields of materials science.
A molecular assember is a machine that can build materials by creating precise atomic-level chemical reactions.
Nanowires are structures subject to quantum effects that have a thickness or diameter of less than tens of nanometers and an unconstrained length.
Programmable matter has the ability to change its pshape, density, moduli, conductivity and optical properties based on input or autonomous sensing.
Metamaterials are artificial materials engineered to have properties that may not be found in nature.
Self-healing materials are smart materials that have the inherent ability to repair any damage caused by usage over time.
Synthetic biology is a combination of biology and engineering to design and construct biological devices and systems for useful purposes.
The hardware in reprogrammable chips can be updated and upgraded as and when necessary much like software adding new features and fucntions.
Context-aware computing is when digital devices take into account knowledge of the user and the environment to inform their function.